From the following link you can find new EuroExpert E-Bulletin from 26 March 2021: https://procenitelji.org.rs/biblioteka/euroexpert-bilten/
We invite you to register to ONLINE 6th Serbian Property & Infrastructure Development Conference – organized by TGI International Group on Tuesday, 23. March 2021.
More details about the conference, key topics, speakers, sponsors and registration you can find on the following link: https://www.realestateconference.rs/
A discount is provided for NAVS members.
With great pleasure, NAVS – National Association of Valuers of Serbia is inviting you to register for an ONLINE seminar – RECENT CHANGES IN RETAILING AND THEIR IMPLICATIONS FOR VALUERS by Richard Grover on 04 March 2021 at 14:00 PM on Central East Time (Belgrade time zone GMT+1)
“The covid-19 pandemic has had serious repercussions for the retail sector with lockdowns resulting in the closure of non-essential stores for long periods. It also appears to have accelerated some trends which were apparent before the pandemic struck, particularly the growth of on-line purchases. Retailers have responded by demanding rent reductions and a move to turnover rents. The seminar will explore recent trends in retailing and discuss their implications for the valuation of retail properties…”
Lecturer is well known Richard Grover MRICS. He has taught at Oxford Brookes University for many years but is now retired as works there as a part-time Senior Lecturer on various RICS-accredited degrees. He has undertaken consultancy in a number of countries, principally in the transition countries of Eastern Europe on projects aimed at developing their property markets and associated education systems. He has recently been working on property tax and valuation projects in Serbia, Moldova, and Turkey on behalf of the World Bank.
Attendance on this online seminar brings you 3 points for CPD – Continuing Professional Development for REV certified valuers. Also, according to the RICS system for CPD qualifying activities which is based on personal assessment i.e. individual member deciding which activities are relevant for their professional development, we recommend this seminar for your personal professional development in valuation profession.
Seminar will be broadcasted via online web platform (we will send you the link), so all you need is a stabile internet connection, camera and microphone in order to take part in discussions. Seminar will be available only in scheduled time in Belgrade time zone (CET) and will not be available as a webinar in NAVS program of continuous professional education.
Below (or in attachment) you can find more details.
You can register by sending an email to firstname.lastname@example.org
by Danijela Ilić REV FRICS, Chair of the European Business Valuation Standards Board and Member of the Board of TEGOVA
This is the first edition of European Business Valuation Standards (EBVS), developed by TEGOVA to meet the demand of its 72 Member Associations, other valuation organisations, individual valuers, regulators and other stakeholders on the European market.
TEGOVA is committed to setting standards that are compatible with the Europeanisation of business activities. The rationale for providing a set of business valuation standards for Europe comes from a demand for valuations which are consistent with EU company law requirements and of a quality that can be relied upon as a common benchmark by investors, the financial industry and valuers throughout the Union and beyond.
QUESTIONS & ANSWERS
EBVS were designed by TEGoVA, the European standard setters for real estate. What is TEGOVA’s relevance for business valuation?
In the public mind, TEGOVA is indeed real estate. It’s 72 associations from 38 countries – 70,000 valuers in Europe – are all majority real estate valuers. Yet business valuation is also prevalent among a number of members, with valuation firms or individual valuers often combining real estate and business practice. This is a welcome tendency for the profession and for European society at large, because land and buildings are such an important and integral part of most businesses that the combination of real estate and business knowledge provides a solid grounding for business valuation excellence. Conversely, business valuation is an attractive field of activity for real estate valuers in a mutating economic and professional environment, where no source of activity is permanently guaranteed and new opportunities arise.
What is the core purpose of EBVS?
European Business Valuation Standards (EBVS) will impose consistency in the most important issues in business valuation, across the European Union:
- code of conduct
- terms of engagement
- definitions of bases of value
- valuation approaches
- reporting the valuation.
In this manner, EBVS will achieve its purpose – to institute procedures conducive to clearly prepared, unambiguous valuation reports that are consistent with EU regulation and accounting standards
How are EBVS structured?
There are four standards …
EBVS 1 – Market Value and Bases of Value other than Market Value, which defines various bases of value, applicable in business valuation, Highest and Best Use analysis in connection with Liquidation (disposal) and Going Concern business scenario, assumptions and special assumptions in arriving at an opinion of value
EBVS 2 – the valuation process incorporates detailed Terms of Engagement, with appropriate commentary
EBVS 3 – the valuation approaches and methods which present the recognised business valuation practice
EBVS 4 – reporting the valuation, which presents general reporting requirements and the content of a valuation report, as well as of a valuation review.
… and three Guidance Notes that follow on from the Standards and provide more detail and explanation of key issues and techniques:
EBVGN 1 – Control Premiums and Discounts for Lack of Control and Discounts for Lack of Marketability
EBVGN 2 – Discount Rates in the Discounted Cash Flow Method
EBVGN 3 – Valuation of Intangible Assets.
There are also further key texts on:
- Business Valuation and Sustainability
- European Business Valuers’ Code of Conduct
- European Union Legislation and Business Valuation
Sustainability is a big EU concern. Does EBVS cover this and show how to put a value on it?
EBVS devotes an entire Part III to it, putting sustainability and valuation in their EU and market context, exploring the concept of ‘green value’ and providing business valuers with an initial checklist of possible points for sustainability review of a business, covering current operations, attention to costs and preparing for the future:
- Finance, risks and overall sustainability
- Materials and storage
- Compliance and emergency response
- Products and
- Accountability and communication
What’s the relevance of the section on EU legislation and business valuation to a practicing valuer?
As the EU regulates mostly through Directives that are transposed into national law, it is important for the valuer to be able to recognise the EU hand behind the national or sub-national law when estimating the likelihood and timescale of possible changes to regulatory impacts on the business being valued.
Part 5 is no mere general culture add on; it is basic knowledge for European business valuers. A general introduction and overview shows how EU regulation of companies has covered formation, capital and disclosure requirements, rules on takeover bids for public limited companies, mergers and divisions, minimum rules for single-member private limited liability companies, financial reporting and accounting and easier and faster access to information on companies. It shows how the EU has evolved from concentrating on regulating listed companies to now covering SMEs with the specific goal of reducing their administrative burdens and has also created a statute for a European Company (the Societas Europea or “SE”).
Part 5 goes on to highlight the specific valuation aspects of EU regulation of company law, credit institutions, insurance and reinsurance institutions, investment funds, taxation, transfer pricing, state aid, enforcement of intellectual property rights and insolvency proceedings or restructuring plans.
Is EBVS of special significance to REVs?
It is, because their high level of proficiency in valuing commercial property – a key component of many businesses – provides a solid grounding for business valuation excellence and makes it relatively easier for them to extend their knowledge and practice into business valuation and gives them an edge over business valuers with no real estate credentials.
In the public mind, TEGOVA is real estate. It’s 72 associations from 38 countries – 70 000 valuers in Europe, are all majority real estate valuers. For the EU authorities, the real estate aspect is also determinant in the Mortgage Credit Directive’s recommendation of European Valuation Standards to the member states of the Union, as in the European Central Bank’s accordance of precedence to EVS over all other standards in its Asset Quality Review manual for the valuation of banks’ real
Yet business valuation is also prevalent among a number of members with valuation firms or individual valuers often combining real estate and business practice. This is a welcome tendency for the profession and for European society at large because land and buildings are such an important and integral part of most businesses that the combination of real estate and business knowledge provides a solid grounding for business valuation excellence.
Conversely, business valuation is an attractive field of activity for real estate valuers in a mutating economic and professional environment where no source of activity is permanently guaranteed and new opportunities arise.
Responding to increasing member demand, European Business Valuation Standards now provide fundamentals of best practice in business valuation, with a quality that can be relied upon by valuers, public authorities, investors and the financial industry throughout the Union and beyond.
Like EVS, European Business Valuation Standards are anchored in the EU legal order, putting all valuation definitions and concepts in step with EU law and providing a separate section on EU Legislation and Business Valuation. The EU has always been part of TEGOVA’s DNA, underpinning our mission to provide Europeans with a common set of standards fit for their single market and emerging polity. Our standards are founded on the understanding that Europe has reached a tipping point: the EU is now the dominant sculptor of our regulatory environment and valuers can no longer limit their horizons to the national policy and regulatory framework. This is at least as important for business valuation as for real estate given the number of key business areas regulated by EU law.
Business valuers must master a fast-Europeanising business-regulatory environment and I trust that these, the first ever truly European Business Valuation Standards, prepared by highly skilled professionals in business valuation, will provide the grounding for that.
Krzysztof Grzesik REV FRICS
Chairman of the Board of TEGOVA
Roger Messenger (1958 -2020), a member of the Board of Directors of TEGoVA, passed away suddenly today.
TEGOVA has published European Valuation Standards since the early 1980s. This, the ninth edition, is effective from 1 January 2021.The digital version of the book is downloadable from this page https://procenitelji.org.rs/novi-tegova-evs-2020-standardi/.
EVS 2020 (The Blue book)
by Michael P. Reinberg PHD REV FRICS CRE, Chairman of the European Valuation Standards Board
Building on the foundation of its predecessors, this ninth edition was designed with the particular objective of providing standards that are relevant and easily comprehensible to valuers, clients and the public authorities. All sections have been reviewed in that light, and all new parts passed through that filter.
EVS 2020 enhances European valuation practice with:
- Greater clarity on the key concept of Market Value, compensating flaws that have crept into various language versions of EU law;
- A common European Valuation Report for Residential Property;
- Energy efficiency valuation upgraded to Standard level;
- New Guidance Notes and Information Papers on subjects of real interest to practicing valuers;
- Clarification of the role of advanced statistical models in line with the new EBA Guidelines;
- A comprehensive approach to Valuation Methodology including detailed exposition of key concepts such as income approach and depreciated replacement cost;
- A unique, landmark exposé of European Union Legislation and Property Valuation enabling practicing valuers to understand how much of the real estate regulatory environment is based on EU law, equally valuable to European and national supervisory authorities, policy makers and academics.
The Standards were designed in the belief that the valuation profession must be conscious of the real added value that quality valuation brings to markets and society and must imbue clients and public authorities with an understanding of how the valuer reached the determination of value.
It was a collective effort based on a clear concept of the needs of society and the future of the profession.
EVS 2020 is effective from 1 January 2021.
These lines are written in the eye of the storm. The Covid-19 pandemic has disrupted our way of life and our very livelihoods as businesses and workers weather the continuing onslaught of the disease and the measures taken to curtail it. Commercial property is among the hardest hit, with existential challenges for retail and even office property.
For valuers there is, sadly, an element of vindication. Our profession is never more vitally relevant than when the economy and real estate are in free-fall. Gone are the false certainties about value. Vanished, the faith in algorithms crunching out-of-date data. Badly shaken, the confidence of so many that they could gauge the market for themselves. In crisis, valuers come into their own, relying on their experience, intuition and intimate local market knowledge to ascertain value.
Valuation practice is the conciliation of a paradox: deriving value from hard evidence while also identifying market phenomena with a lasting impact on value. A key purpose of valuation standards is to alert valuers to change and provide them with the tools for integrating it into their determination of value. Mirroring this, EVS 2020 is both a continuation and a disruption.
EVS 2020 continues to adapt valuation standards to the everincreasing sway of EU law over financial and real estate markets. EU law permeates the Blue Book even more than in previous editions, all definitions and concepts are in line with those of EU law and policy – witness the adaptation of EVS’s approach to AVMs to the recent Guidelines of the European Banking Authority – and the impacts of EU law on real estate markets and on valuation are analysed in ever greater detail and are expected to be well understood by Blue Book valuers.
Since the last edition, the European authorities have confirmed their faith in EVS. Most notably, the European Central Bank in the 2018 edition of its Asset Quality Review manual for the valuation of banks’ real estate collateral reiterated that EVS takes precedence over all other standards.
These marks of confidence in EVS inspired us to help the European authorities further in the present edition, most crucially by addressing the confusion generated by radically differing EU legal language versions of ‘arm’s-length transaction’ in the Capital Requirements Regulation’s definition of ‘Market Value’.
Alongside this continuing Europeanisation of the profession, EVS 2020 also brings disruption, coming to grips with the imperative of determining the value of energy efficiency in buildings in a Union in which climate leadership is the top priority. The tipping point came this year with the publication of EU-mandated member state Long-term Renovation Strategies, several of which contained legal obligations to renovate a building to a higher level of energy efficiency by a fixed date or at a certain inflection point (e.g. rental, sale) creating an unavoidable major cost impacting value. Accordingly, EVS 2020 upgrades energy efficiency valuation to Standard status and advises valuers to integrate these costs into their determination of Market Value.
The transparency of financial and real estate markets and the climate impact of buildings are systemic and existential issues of our time. Valuers’ key role in these places a great responsibility on TEGOVA, which the European Valuation Standards Board has risen to in this ninth edition of EVS, providing our 70,000 valuers, their clients and the European and national public authorities with the underpinning for rigorous evidence-based determination of value.
Krzysztof Grzesik REV FRICS
Chairman of the Board of TEGOVA
The working version of the report from the joint conference RICS-NAVS prepared by Real Estate Magazine (http://realestate-magazin.rs/) is submitted below.
The full version will be available after the autumn issue is printed.
Covid only accelerated the changes already present in the real estate market
The second joint conference RICS and NAVS (National Association of Valuers of Serbia) due to the corona virus pandemic was held via video link, and the topic of the conference “Current trends and opportunities in the market of Southeast Europe and the role of professionalism in further developing our markets” gathered 170 participants from ten countries.
18 panelists from Serbia, Montenegro, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Croatia, Romania and Great Britain talked about current events at the global and regional level. As Danijela Ilić, the president of NAVS, assessed at the very beginning of the conference, today, when the world is in the process of great changes, professionals are needed more than ever before. Advocacy of the highest ethical and professional standards, market transparency and data insidiousness are values that protect the industry in challenging times.
Construction industry: short-term and long-term effects of the COVID-19 pandemic
The beginning of the corona virus pandemic, and especially the time of the state of emergency, put the builders in front of new challenges, the participants of the first panel of the conference, which was dedicated to the topic “Construction industry: short-term and long-term effects of the COVID-19 pandemic”, pointed out.
Security measures on construction sites, reduced number of people in offices, provision of protective equipment for workers, as well as the suspension of transportation, but also the closure of borders, were problems that the contractors faced on a daily basis. “The construction industry is quite resistant to new circumstances and we are all quite flexible,” said Ognjen Kisin, CEO of Konstruktor Group.
“The Konstruktor was lucky that at the beginning of the pandemic we were in intensive contact with partners from China, as well as Western countries that have production in China, which have already passed that cycle, when he came to Serbia, so we prepared for a pandemic. The problem was the movement of labor, but also the procurement of certain materials. The conclusion that can be drawn from this period is that a local workforce is needed. “Serbia has a problem with this segment, having in mind that there is no localization of construction companies that existed before,” Kisin pointed out.
Similar problems existed in Montenegro. “Our job requires a qualified workforce that does not exist in Montenegro, so we had operational problems during the realization of the started facilities. The labor force coming from Bosnia and Herzegovina could not cross the border, the national coordination body of Montenegro was not efficient enough, so in the first moments there were a lot of problems that were solved in progress,” said Dragan Lalic, Executive Director Sirbegovic Engineering, who pointed out that the recovery of the construction sector to the level before the corona virus pandemic can be expected only in 2022.
Zeljko Disic, director of REFLEKS Sabac, pointed out that the policy of this company was to work in their environment before, which turned out to be a mitigating circumstance during the period of emergency. In addition, this company is investing in its own facilities, which has amortized any problems in the second segment of business, given that the sale of real estate continued during the pandemic.
Ana Maria Olteanu, RICS Accredited Mediator, Senior Commercial & Claims Manager, at Optim Project Management, stressed that a distinction should be made between the private and public sectors, which were affected differently by the overall situation due to the corona virus pandemic. “In Romania, the public sector had the support of the state, so there were no interruptions in funding. When it comes to the private sector, the main developers acted cautiously, which caused a domino effect that was reflected on the entire chain. When it comes to contractors, there is no option of remote work and it is necessary to maintain the work, but construction companies have proven to be resistant to a pandemic. It is necessary to overcome financial problems and we certainly have to adapt to the new times and challenges it brings. ”
Ognjen Kisin also pointed out the possible problems in the functioning of companies from the construction sector from the Balkans, emphasizing that we will see the first results at the end of the year and that some companies will have financial problems. “Now we are in the period when the contracts concluded before the pandemic are being realized, but the question of investment cycles is being raised, and that can be reflected in the business in the second half of 2021,” said Kisin.
Damir Prenković, director of the company Invekon gradnja and moderator of the panel, underlined that the new situation only further aggravated the problem of lack of qualified labor.
Dragan Lalic believes that the state should popularize construction occupations in the entire region, so that the domestic labor force would be interested, especially because of the fear of new closures of the borders that we faced at the beginning of the year. “During the pandemic, Macedonian workers could not return to their homes, which had a major impact on them, and therefore their ability to work.”
Problems with the labor force are also present in Romania, and Prenković pointed out that the growth of salaries in this sector is not a guarantee that people will stay, noting that the growth of the average salary in construction in Romania during the period 2015-2020. year jumped 200%, but the migration of the population to Western Europe continues.
Ana Maria Olteanu confirmed these data, emphasizing that there is a simultaneous growth of investments in both the private and public sector, but also the departure of labor. “Wage growth is the result of government support. Since last year, we have a law on support for the construction industry, as a result of which taxes have been reduced, because it has been recognized how important the construction sector is for the Romanian economy. But it is difficult to convince people who have left to return. I believe that construction companies working in Romania should also create better conditions and convince people to return or new generations not to leave the country and in that way we all participate in the efforts to keep the construction industry going. We are talking about skilled labor and imports from Asia, but in Romania we still need good engineers to oversee construction projects. ”
“There is a disproportion between the wishes of employees and what the market provides. In the last 20 years, real working hours have been lost, which are on the construction site 10 hours a day, 6 days a week, and such long working hours are not efficient. I do not think that construction will stop, but we will lose a lot if we do not save the domestic workforce and do not educate young people who will be the engine of further development. Today, we have an extremely high age limit for employees on construction sites. The Konstruktor specifically does not have a significant outflow of resources due to good working conditions, but the problem is that we cannot expand the business due to lack of resources and we are trying to solve that problem,” Kisin explained.
Participants also touched on the issue of reducing the cost of residential real estate, which the public expected, but the panelists agreed that construction costs were also increased during the state of emergency, and that these increased costs were not passed on to investors.
Vladimir Nikolić, technical director of ZOP Inženjering, pointed out that everyone was of the opinion that the prices of construction would fall, and thus the price of apartments, but that is not happening. There was an increase in costs, nothing additional was asked from investors, but investors also showed understanding for the deadlines. ”
The deadlines were certainly affected by the supply of construction materials, the chain of which was endangered during the state of emergency. “Montenegro imports complete construction material. During the state of emergency, trucks were stopped, but the procedures were extremely complicated, they waited at the borders for about ten days, so the construction site stood,” Dragan Lalic pointed out. “In some countries, factories also stood due to local regulations due to the corona, it was difficult to find an alternative supplier, ie a manufacturer, and the price of transport was increased.”
There were problems in Romania at the beginning of the pandemic due to the restriction of movement, but they lasted for a week to two weeks, so they did not affect the construction processes too much, and fortunately, Romania has several factories.
“The corona pandemic will influence the philosophy of the construction material supply chain. It is rare for a factory to have a warehouse, and the crisis has shown us that there can be a longer period in supply that can cause large losses. Serbia imports a huge amount of construction materials, and representatives rarely have serious stock. A new wave and closing of borders can be problematic, so a lot of suppliers will probably change the current way of functioning,” Kisin concluded.
News on the residential real estate market in the Western Balkans
The second panel was dedicated to the topic of news in the residential real estate market. Kaća Lazarević, the moderator of the panel, pointed out that not everything was so rosy with the introduction of emergency measures. “We tried to work all the time with precautions. There were those who were scared, but also those who wanted to get moving. We were followed by banks, notaries, but RGZ closed, which made the situation more difficult. Now that the corona is present and we live with it, we seem to be doing better. In June, over 10,000 real estate transactions were registered in Serbia, but still the level from last year was not reached,” Lazarevic pointed out.
“Everything is causally consequential. The pause we had at the beginning and the fear are real due to the messages we could hear and which ordered “stop”. This gives a situation in which interested buyers stop, so in this period we can not say that we had a decline, but stagnation, which is natural according to the situation,” said Milos Stanojevic, Consultancy Parnter at West Properties. Stanojevic also pointed out that there are no changes in the residential real estate market in Serbia, because the jump that was recorded in June compared to last year is unnatural and is a consequence of the blockade and the impossibility of showing real estate and doing business during a state of emergency. “The role of real estate intermediary is regaining its true meaning in these times,” Stanojevic points out. “In the overall situation brought by corona as a buyer, you are looking for the support of a consultant who will provide quality response and professional guidance, and West Properties is working intensively on that. ”
In Croatia, in addition to the corona, the earthquake had a great impact on the real estate market in Zagreb, when the city center was damaged, said Boro Vujović, director of Operetta Real Estate. “Due to this situation, the real estate market in the center of Zagreb practically does not exist. A certain number of buyers opt for other city locations, and some buy land on the periphery and build themselves or buy houses. On the other hand, cottages in the Lika area have been sparsely populated so far, with low prices, and after the corona, a large number of people bought agricultural land, and house prices jumped almost twice. ”
There is also a great demand for cottages in Bosnia and Herzegovina, said Maho Taso, director of PROSTOR Real Estate. “This trend is already slowly declining, but it is certainly higher than last year.”
“The fact that the sale of cottages jumped 40% in Serbia only confirms that this is a trip due to the inevitability and the current situation. And that trend will pass,” Stanojevic agreed.
When it comes to foreign investors in Serbia, when asked if they have stopped during the previous six months, Ivan Gazdić, partner, CMS Belgrade, says that everything depends on the sector in which the investor works. “Investments are significantly conditioned by the affinity and readiness of banks to finance projects. During these six months of the crisis, banks gave up financing the development of the hotel sector, but also the projects of business facilities in Belgrade. It seems that logistics has not been so affected, and investors still recognize this segment as a model where it is still profitable to invest. As for the retail sector, it would be said that retail parks were less affected than shopping malls, due to their very structure and the absence of a centralized climate. Although in the first rush the retail sector was directly affected by the closure, the recovery is happening to a greater extent than it is with office space, which will have to be transformed into a more flexible form in the long run because people still work from home. ”
Gazdic also pointed out that the risk of uncertainty creates stricter financial conditions, and that some banks have increased the interest rate on housing loans, which is in conflict with the NBS’s recommendations to make loans more accessible.
When asked whether it is a good investment to invest in real estate or keep money in a bank, all participants agreed that the population in the Balkans is investing in real estate, and that the advantage is mostly new construction.
“After the earthquake in Zagreb, new construction is even more popular, because previously there was no awareness of the uncertainty that exists,” Vujovic points out. “New construction is more popular, but it is not enough and there are no large and luxurious projects. Certain projects are in the pipeline, so we have waiting lists for individual investors. The interest rate in the bank is negative, the annual return when buying real estate is 4%, so we save “in bricks” because we do not have education for saving in funds and in other ways, except by buying real estate. A large amount of money is being printed and the question is whether it is better to have money in physical form or a property in a good location that can be rented. ”
As for Sarajevo, the demand for new construction is far above the supply. “Maintenance of buildings is an objective problem of old construction, so new construction, which is being built today in mostly worse locations, primarily on the periphery, still has an advantage. “The financial market is underdeveloped and still has negative connotations, so people invests in real estate, because there is no alternative,” said Maho Tasso. “Buyers of new construction are willing to advance larger amounts for projects in conception, and a more well-known investor brings a higher response to the advance payment.”
Buyers are much wiser today, Milos Stanojevic emphasized. “They are much more educated about the types and quality of facilities, the culture of investment maintenance. New construction does not imply quality. As an experienced company in the real estate market, we help our customers with adequate advice, because what is valued today is the quality of life. ”
Referring to the growing number of foreign investors on the Serbian market, Ivan Gazdić pointed out that investors usually divide the project into several phases. “In that situation, banks are interested in financing from the first phase onwards, depending on the results, which will provide guidelines for further development of the project.” It seems to me that project financing has introduced better market discipline and security in our country as well, because an investor who plans to take project financing is familiar with what he has to do – to have a clean company that is only established for the development of that one project. At the same time, it is important that the location is clean because of the bank’s loan, “said Gazdić, who emphasized that the Foreign Investors Council had various proposals on how to recover the real estate market as soon as possible. “We sent a proposal to the ministry to reduce the amount of contributions for the arrangement of construction land, the amount of conversion of the right of use into the right of ownership on construction land, we proposed to allow construction based on the right of use in some 12 months, to allow registration of works before payment.”
Talking about the fact that New Belgrade is currently in the lead with locations and whether some investors will return to the city center, where possible, Milos Stanojevic pointed out that New Belgrade as the largest business zone offers the greatest opportunities and will continue to hold the lead in squares under construction. “Dorcol and the lower part of the old part of the city will continue to develop, we have serious projects at locations in this part of Belgrade, but also the effort of the city administration to arrange that space, gives serious potential.” Belgrade has other very interesting locations – such as certain locations in New Belgrade itself, such as the vicinity of the Hotel Yugoslavia, or in the area of the old part of the city of Marina Dorcol and the Port of Belgrade. Such locations will provide exactly what the mass market enjoys, and that is to have comprehensive, time-saving facilities, isolated from the city noise. Certainly, each city zone will have its own development,” said Stanojevic.
Adapting to a new norm in the assessment industry
Covid only accelerated the changes that were already present, but did not change the world, according to Nick French, Real Estate Valuation Theurgy Property Education Chichester. “As a society, we went towards working more from home, and that is just one of the examples that slowly took over the primacy, but it happened quickly. In the center of London, retail outlets in the city center have been decaying for some time, and this space will probably be adapted in the future. Retail is recording higher results than before Covid, due to the incredible increase in online shopping, and on the other hand, people do not spend money on summer trips, but in other ways, including arranging their real estate. ”
Speaking of London, there is currently great interest in the residential segment as well as the logistics segment, but there are not too many transactions in the office segment, French pointed out.
When it comes to real estate appraisals, French points out that clients need to understand that there is a certain uncertainty of the appraisal itself nowadays.
In the history of RICS, the material uncertainty clause has been presented only three times, one of which is related to the corona virus pandemic. “This requires the appraiser to change the mindset and use all available resources and draw a conclusion,” said Srdjan Runjevac, senior expert associate for collateral management at Erste Bank. “All creditors and investors are withdrawing from some of the processes they have initiated so far. Fortunately there were transactions and during the duration of material uncertainty and in that situation special care is paid to each case. Banks in Serbia and around the world react to the presence of such a clause, which again differs from case to case. It is assumed that the percentage represents all the necessary data to the client, the banks are provided with additional information. In cases such as the covid pandemic, banks turn more to the analysis of their portfolio and its management and determine how much this clause has an impact on their portfolio and further business,” Runjevac explained.
Runjevac agreed with French that certain changes were knocking on the door even before the pandemic, as is the case with the hotel industry, but also the office and retail segment.
Speaking about the novelties in the valuers industry, ie the introduction of AVM – model of automatic appraisal, the participants pointed out that this change is definite and that one should not spend energy on proving whether it is good or bad, but rather talk about other aspects of automatic appraisals and define the way on which a new trust on the market and new transparency will be established, because, when we talk about Serbia, the Law on Valuers has existed since 2018, and we are already talking about automated models.
As the panelists pointed out, it is necessary to educate all market participants about the new models, in order to be ready for changes, and it is necessary for the regulators to hear all wishes and plans, mostly to the banking sector. It is definite, however, that the role of the valuer will inevitably be necessary – the simpler the automated models and the smaller the role of the certified valuer, the certified valuer must define the model and harmonize it with market practice and standards, verify it and stand behind it. All aspects of automated models should be considered critically, what they can provide to practice and the market, and how to apply them depends on the country, on the availability of data, their quality, keeping data in line with GDPR and using that data.
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